According to the working minds behind drill rig companies, the location and structure of your water well are critical to its safety. It should be placed in such a way that rainwater drains away from it.
Rainwater, on the land surface, runs the risk of gathering harmful bacteria and collecting an array of pollutants that may contaminate the water. If this water seeps anywhere near your well, it may jeopardize the quality of its water, and may thus pose health risks.
The construction of good water well is usually determined by local groundwater and geologic characteristics. Your local health department, the state’s licensing body for water-well contractors, or a specialist in the local water system can provide relevant information and guidance on acceptable construction norms in a particular area.
Make certain that any pump-well installers or drillers you hire for the job are insured and bonded. As your local government may require, verify that your groundwater contractor is duly certified for the role and has a proper license.
One should not look at groundwater exploration as a trial-and-error, hit-or-miss endeavor. Soil and rock beneath the ground act as a percolating medium for rainwater. Eventually, they get collected in saturation bed zones known as “aquifer beds”.
A water well is a hole bored into the ground that makes it possible to reach an aquifer bed via which a small amount of groundwater can be pumped to the surface for consumption.
Drilling a water well involves much more than just digging a hole in the ground. A fully accomplished water well will comprise a borehole drilled into the ground to reach the aquifer bed.
Its diameter has to be large enough to accommodate the casing that will house the pump. The size of the pump required to satisfy your intended demand must be determined initially before digging starts.
If you like your pumping power to go beyond 100 GPM, it is necessary to have a casing that measures 8 inches and goes with a 10-inch borehole, minimum. Your water well contractor will carry on making decisions about this, but you must make him aware of what your needs are.
When you develop a water well, it will entail clearing it of the fine particles left behind by the drilling process itself. These fine particles will be flushed out of the gravel and aquifer between a good screen and the first few feet of the aquifer.
Bailing, surge pumping, or any other operation that propels water at high velocity via the development zone can be taken advantage of to accomplish development.
Reputable drill rig companies are accountable for developing wells. Water wells that have been created properly will produce more water as opposed to water wells that are poorly constructed.
After constructing the water well, we have this looming question that begs us to ask. “How much water can we sustainably draw from it?”
The sustained rate of the pump is predicated upon the ability of the aquifer to send water towards this well under gravitational pull while the water well is being pumped.
To determine a water well’s pumping capacity (sustained), a pump test should be done. Normally, your enlisted contractor for the job is the one to carry out the pump test. This part is usually included in the job contract.
It should be made clear also to your driller that you desire a pump test to be carried out before the start of the drilling because there are instances where they will not deliberately perform this part.
Make sure you only enlist a driller or contractor who is capable of completing all aspects of the drilling tasks, and a pump test should be a part of that, too.